Yangon is a city of golden spires, busy markets, colonial style buildings and charming & gracious people is well known as Rangoon before. It is the capital of Myanmar and the centre of the country’s administration and economy. In 1755, King Alaung Phaya (the founder of Kon-Bong Dynasty) conquered lower Myanmar and Dagon capital. He renamed, Dagon to Yangon which literally means end of strife.
Thanlyin was a major port and previously known as Syriam, which was and important
commercial centre at the age of the portuguese adveturer De Brito. It is an
interesting excursion across 1.2 mile long bridge to Thanlyin. Thanlyin is
famous for the large golden Kyaik Kauk Pagoda rising on a hillock to the right
road. There are the ruins catholic church built by an Italian Braoabite
Missionary in 18th century and the tombs of two famous Myanamr poets laurea Nat
Shin Naung and Pede Thayaza near Kyaik Kauk pagoda.
Kyauk Tan, near Thanlyin-Yele-Paya (an island Pagoda) is one of the holly places. It is attractive for crossing the river by boat (Sampan) in a shorttime. Feeding the river catfishes can be enjoyed forall.
Twante is located at the opposite of Twante Canle, 24 km far from Yangon.
A boat cruise to Twante is take about two hours and noted for its pottery and cotton weaving industires. It is also afforts visitors an opportunity to see the way of life along canal.
Bago located 80km away form yangon is an ancient captial city of Mon Kingdon.
The city was founded by two Mon brothers Thumala and Wimala from Thaton in 13rd
century. Bago was made the capital of Mon Kingdom and it came to be known as
Hansavati (Hanthawaddy). Today Bago is the capital of Bago Division. Accordingly
many religious edifices of great historical value can be seen all over the city.
The excavation site of Ancient Kan Bawza Thadi Palace, Shwethalyaung Pagoda, the magnificent reclining Buddha Image, Shwe Mawdaw Pagoda and Kyaikpun (four enormous Buddha sitting back to back against a central squar pediment); Cheroots industires and handicraft industries are famous higlights. The visitors who wish to have a taste of the traditionaly way of Myanmar. Bago is and ideal place.
258 km northwest of Yangon. On the eastern of the Ayeyarwady. 5 hrs by train, 4 hrs by car. Pyay Hotel, Mingalar Garden, US$ 48 perhead. Meal at Mingalar Garden is Ks, 1,500-2,000 per head. Also Chinese restaurants. A few kilometers northeast of the town is Thaye Khittaya (Sri Khsetra), an archaeological site of the ancient Pyu capital (5th to 9th century). Shwesandaw Pagoda, Hsehtatkyi Pagoda are among places of interest. 45 minutes by boat to Akauktaung.
Mandalay is the second largest city after Yangon and the last captial of
Myanmar’s monarchy. It is located at 668km north from Yangon. The city was
founded in 1857 by King Mindon. Mandalay is well konwn as the centre of Myanmar
cutlure and famous for the wonderful Mandalay Royal Palace surrounding by the
findly built Palace Walls and wooden pavilions city gates and its assocaiation
with royal moat.
There are many places of interest in Mandalay such as the glories Mahamuni Pagoda, Kuthodaw Pagoda known as the world’s Biggest Book for its stone slabs off Buddhist scriptures and Mandalay Hill, avantage point for panoramic view of city. Other Tour highlights are traditional silk weaving & gold leaves making; Shwenandaw Monastery noted for its exquisite wood carvings; Kyauktawgyi Pagoda a large Budda Image carved of a single block of marble.
Situated about 11km south of Mandalay. It is an ancient captial of the Konbaung Dynasty Amarapura was founded by King Bodawpaya in 1783. In 1823, King Bagyidaw moved back to Inwa Capital and in 1841 Amarapura again became the capital but in 1857, King Mindon decied to make Mandalay the captial and the change over was completed in 1860. There are several places of interest in this accient city which was also the site for the first British Embassy in Myanmar in 1795 and the largest teak wood 1.2 km long U Bein Wooden Bridge built over the seasonal Taung Thamanlake in 1786.
Sagaing lies 21 km south-west of Mandalay on the west bank of the Ayeyarwady River Sagaing became a capital of an independent Shan King-dom around 1315 after the fall of Bagan. It period of importance was short. In 1364 Thado Minbya moved his capital across the river to Inwa. Today, Sagaing is the capital of Sagaing Division and known as a meditation centre. Myanmars all over the country would visit sagaing for the purpose of religious retreat. Sagaing is famous for dirve over 16 span Inwa Bridge which is over a km long and visit to the picturesque Sagaing Hill where over 600 monastries for monks are located for Buddhist studies and meditation.
Thonezepay village is situated about 3miles away by waterway from Mingun
which is founded by King Bodaw paya.So,Thonezepay village is about 10 mile away
from Mandalay. It has a population of about 5000 and there are a total of 900
families. King Bodaw Paya, who build mingun Pahtotawgyi,hand a temporary palace
in Nantawkyun (Palace Island)on the east of mingun.The King placed his elephants
at an elephant cage not very far from his temporary palace. That palace has now
become the Sin Kyun Village (Elephant Island). One day,one of the king’s
elephants was last and the mahout found it back on the north of the elephant
cage.The King awarded 30 pe of land(1 pe=1.75 acre) to that area.That awarded
area becomes the Thonezepay Village which means awarding 30.Due to the flood,the
house are build as long-legged ones or two-storeyed ones.The villagers grow only
one crop a year when there is no rising tide.The river water rises from May to
September.So,they start ploughing and planting in October.March and April are
the month of harvest. Because they can grow only one crop a year, they have to
do small-scale jobs like making cheroots,bamboo hats,weaving and making and
selling the roofs made of thatch.They also do strenuous work as farming labours
at other villages and towns when the river-water is rising. There is a Basic
Education Hight School in the village and the students from near villages also
come and study here. There are two monasteries,one at the entrance and one in
the middle,in this village.The monastery in the middle of the village is over
100 years of age.It was build during the British colonial days in 156 teak
trunks.All the head monks of this monastery have it repaired and maintained
without changing anything. Because of the deforestation and the expensive price
of teak,this kind of building may hardly be build in the future.
So,please donot miss this apportunity to see the ancient teak monastery.
It is about 11 km upriver from Mandalay on the opposite bank of the
Ayeyarwaddy. It takes 45 miniutes boat-trip to Mingun lets travellers experience
life along the river. Mingun is famous for the world’s largest ringing bell and
unfinished enormous Mingun Pagoda.
‘’Mingun Pagoda & Mingun Bell”
If King Bodaw Paya had suceeded in his grandiose scheme, Mingun might now have the world’s largest pagoda. When Bodawpaya died in 1819, the construction was abandoned. Each side of enormous base measures 72 metres (235 ft) and the lowest terrace measures 140 metres (450 ft). There are projecting arches on each of the foru sides.
In 1790 Bodawpaya had a gigantic Mingun bell cast to go with has gigantic pagoda. Weighing 90 tons it is calimed to be the largest hung and uncracked ringing bell in the world. The bell is about four metres high and over five metres (15 ft) in diameter at the lip.
Myatheindan Pagoda, Settawya Pagoda and visit to the simple Myanmar villagers can be seen in Mingun.
Inwa was an ancient capital of a Myanmar Kingdom for nearly 400 years(from 1364 to 1841) untill the shift was made to Amarapura. It is stands at the south of Myitnge Bridge and a few km south of Amarapura. The 27 metre(900 feet) high masonry Watch Tower (the Nanmyint) is remains of the palace built by Bagyidaw. Maha Aungmye Banzo, also known as Mai Nu Okkyaung is a masonry monstery built by Mai Nu, chief queen of Bagyidaw for her royal abbot Nyaunggan Sayadaw in 1818. Monastery were normaly built of wood. Although this monastery was built in imitation of traditional wooden style, its monastery construction has ensured it survival. The 1838 earthquake badly damaged it but in 1837 it was restored. There are farms, villages, monaseries and ruined pagodas, scattered around the area within the old city walls.
Pyin Oo Lwin is known as Maymyo before. Located at 67 km east of Mandalay. It is a beautiful Garden city, situated on the Shan Plateau over 3000 above sea-level. It is best known for its colonial hill station with english style gables. Colourful market gardening centre, coffee plantations, Botanical garden, Pwe Kauk Water fall and Paik chinmyaung Cave can be enjoyed there.
136 km west of Mandalay. A commercial centre of Chindwin Valley. 16 hrs drive
from Yangon. About 2 hrs from Mandalay by car or train. Among interesting sites
to see in Monywa is Than-bok-de Pagoda. It has more than 500,000 Buddha Images.
Another place worth visiting is Ledi Kyaungtaik monastery. There you can see or
study Buddhist scriptures inscribed on 806 stone slabs. Yet another place of
interest is Kyauka village well known for the unique style of its Lacquerware,
things you can buy for souvenirs.
Po-win-taung and Shwe-ba-taung Hills on the other side of the Chindwin river is reachable by jeep or Hilux in about 45 minutes. Fares depend on types of car, ranging from 3,000 ks to 8,000 ks. Po.Win-taung has Buddha Images belonging to the 3rd, century.The round trip from Monywa to the Hills might take about 5 hrs.
Bagan was the capital of the first unified Empire of Anawrahta founded in 849
AD, and flourished from 1044 to the 13th century. Within an area of 42 km
thousands of pagodas were built. The inventory of Bagan pagodas as documented by
the Archeological Department listed the standing pagodas as 2217. In spite of
inclement weather of a thousand year, which had destroyed, the precious works of
art, whatever survived to this day still thrill the beholders. Notable among the
ancient glory are Shwezigone, Ananda, Thabyinnyu and Dhammayangyi.
Bagan is just 193 km south of Mandalay in Upper Myanmar. It is on the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. Known as the city of four million pagodas, Bagan is one of the richest archaeological sites in Asia. Bagan city covers an area of 42 sq.km. There, one can find over 2,000 pagodas, temples and monasteries built during the Bagan Dynasty founded by King Anawrahta in 1044 AD.
After unifying the country, Anawrahta accomplished another noble deed for the country: he introduced Tharavada Buddhism into Myanmar with the help of Shin Arahan, a missionary monk from Thaton. It was Buddhism that influenced the rulers of Bagan Dynasty to build innumerable pagodas and temples in and around the city. The endless pagodas stand testimony to the rich cultural heritage of the Myanmars and also to the beauty and grandeur of ancient pagoda.
Mount Popa is situated in the Mandalay Division which is in the central part of Myanmar. Practically all the pligrims as well as tourists who come to Bagan go and visit Mount Popa without fail. Mount Popa is an enchanting extinct volcano, 50 km SE of Bagan, Standing out as a green-clad land mark in dry zone and also known as Oasis in the central part of the country. There are nearly 200 springs at this mountain from which water constantly comes out. Canals are dug to supply water to Popa Town and kyauk Padaung township. Having a high lava content, the soil is fertile. Therefore plants and trees such as banana jackfruit, papaya, coffee, plums, grapes and vegetables are grown on the slops and at the foot of Mt. Popa. Flowers such as Tharaphi, Ingyin, Padauk, Thityar, Sagawar and Gangaw and Medical plants and herbs grow wild on the mountain. This mountain is full of flowers birds and wild animals as the climate is cool. There is also wild life sanctuary established there Nature of Nats (or) the sprits shrines in Popa Taungkalatt can be seen for experiences.
Inle lake is the most famous scenic spot in Shan State. An immense lake of fantastic splendour which measures 22.4km long and 10.2 km wide is closely surronded by the hazy blue mountain ranges located about 900 metres above sea-level and 30 km south Taunggyi. The climate of the reigon is pleasigly cool all the year round. As blessed with such as geographical condition there are marine foods and vegetables in abundance throughout the lake region and the intricate works of local handicrafts and also available there. To crown it all, the lake itself looks rather legendary water, the lake dwellers row their boats by legs instead of by hands they grow on the floating farms that can be moved in the lake at the pleasure of the lake farmers. They stay in the floating villages; they speak in strange language and so on. Now the Inle lake has become one of the most well-known centres of tourist attractions in Myanmar.
The capital at Shan State. About 454 miles from Yangon. A hill station, over
1,430 meter above sea-level. By car all the way in 16 hours. By train up to
Nyaung Shwe and thence to Taunggyi by car. Air service up to Heho, then by car.
From Taunggyi it is about an hour's drive to Inle Lake.
Taunggyi is cool and pleasant all the year round. The market on every fifth day is crowded with ethnic tribes in their traditional dresses, Taunggyi Museum is worth visiting too.
There are two kinds of fire-ballon competitions the day festival and the night festival. Balloons in the shape of elephant, horse, ox, water-buffalo, bird, pig, fish, hintha, owl and parrot are released in the day festival. the ballons released at night have fireworks, multi-coloured lights and so-called" dia-mond ear-rings" with small lanterns attached to the main balloon.
70 km west of Taunggyi, 410 km from about 1,200 Kyats per head. Yangon. 1,400 metres above sea-level. Kalaw is a beautiful hill station surrounded by pine trees. By air up to Heho; thence by car to Kalaw.Kalaw still has many Tudor-style houses and English gardens of colonial days. You can go on trekking to ethnic villages nearby.
45 km to the north of Kalaw and in the Shan State. You can take a regular
flight to Heho and motor to Pindaya or motor to Pindaya via Heho. Pindaya Hotel,
Conqueror Hotel, Inlay Inn. Pindaya is noted for its extensive limestone caves,
set deep in the hillsides, where you'll see about 6,000 Buddha images and
stalagmites. And at the entrance of the hillside caves you'll see Shwe Oo Min
(Golden Cave) Pagoda of 15 metre height.
104 km to the south of Ngapli Beach and in the Rakhine State. You can take a daily flight to Thandwe and motor to Kantharyar. Kantharyar Hotel and half a dozen local restaurants.
You can go for a walk along the 2-km long deserted beach; or go to the reef or several fishing islands about 1 km from the shore. You can if you like, climb hike a small hill or a rocky promontory. For birdwatching enthusiasts, Kantharyar is an ideal place with tropical birds and migratory ones.
Dannyawady the capital in which generations of Rakhine King’s built their
palace pagoda and ruled over the people is situated about 80 km N of Sittwe on
the river bank of Kispanadi (Kalandan) River it takes about 2½ hrs boat trip
from Sittwe to Mrauk U. It was built by Rakhine King Min Saw in 792 Myanmar Era.
There are ruined palace walls of ancient Rakhine Kings still standing and bears
witness to the fact that it was once the seat of ancient Rakhine Kings.
Mrauk U is the archaelogical site of Wethali and one can also experience the Rakhine traditional boat race and Rakhine culture. There are a vanishing tribes of Chin Race who would tatto on their faces in a way to enhance their beauty when they were young. Many travels &Tours agencics arrange not only to visit the ruined palace walls, temples, pagodas, but also arrange special tours to explore the hilly area of Chin villages.
Sittwe is the capital of Rakhine State. It is stituated at south West of Myanmar at Rakhine Coast. It has a long coasting bordering on the Bay of Bengal. There are a view point to be enjoy along the coast. Culture and traditional heritage and colourful Rakhine races are filled in Sittwe. Regular flights from Yangon to Sittwe takes about 30 minutes. It is also the gate way to Mauk U, an ancient city of Rakhine Kings.
Nagapali Beach is located on the Rakhine Coast near Thandwe. It is accessible by aeroplane from Yangon within an hour. Ngapali, the oldest seaside resort in Myanmar is the wide silvery beach extending over 3km. It is splendidly edged with the sapphire blue sea and emerald coconut trees on either side. Along this unspoiled beach, one can enjoy strolling sunbathing, photographing and so on.
Chaung-tha Beach - only 246 km from Yangon is the nearest beach resort
located in the Ayeyawady Division. Along the 5-hour drive to the beach, one can
feast one's eyes the vast stretches of lush green paddy field. Only 5 hours'
drive from Yangon.
There are bungalow-type hotels overlooking the sea. Ambo Resort Hotel, Chaung-tha Beach Hotel and Shwe Dove Hotel and guest-hous in the nearby Chaung-tha village are at your service. Seafoods are fresh and plenty at the restaurants there.
Enroute to Chaung-tha, one can visit Pathein, the capital to the Ayeyawady Division, and try Pathein Halawar its speciality. Pathein umbrella is the symbol of the Division. Reaching the Beach, one can enjoy the salubrious breeze crossin vest expanses of the sea the horizon. Surfing over the white-crested waves is an unforgettable experience. Pokala Island and Thebyu Island 5 minute drive by moto-boat and 20 minute drive by boat respectively boat their beautiful, white sand beaches. It takes exactly one hour to Ngwe Saung Beach, the latest beach resort of Myanmar.
Ngwe Saung Myanmar’s latest beach resort has the longest shore - 9 miles. It is located 29 miles from Pathein Capital of Ayeyarwaddy Devision. One can suddenly enjoy upon the open crescent beach a breath taking vista a blue sea rolling waves and white sand. This long beach lies between the Bay of Bengal with its unforgetable views at sunset and the Rakkhine Mountain Range with the evergreen rain forest on its slopes.
The Myeik (Mergui) Archipelago ,Located in southernmost point of Myanmar (Burma), comprises of over 800 gorgeous island .Due to its virtual isolation, the islands and surrounding seas are alive with an amazing diversity of flora and fauna. The only human inhabitants in the area are the Sea Gypsies called Salones by the Myanmars (Burmese) and Mokens by Thais and Malays. They live on boats during dry seasons and remain on land during rainy seasons .They still practice the same fishing and boat building traditions used for generation. Being affectionate to sea, much skillful in swimming and diving, their ways of life and customs are so characteristic and unique that a traditional festival will be launched with an aim to attract international tourists: as well festriaval will be launched with an aim to attract international tourists; as well as to operate marine eco-tourism around the island in the Myeik Archipelago.
Among the Myeik Archipelago many interesting feature of the Salones can be seen at a small village on the Bo Cho Island .Culturally and ethnically separate from the others ,the Salonnes exists in only a few isolated areas along the Myanmar Andaman Coast. These seafaring peoples lived a Spartan existence, shunning most of the trappings of the modern society in favor of their time-honored traditions. Shy and reserved natives mostly depend on the sea for their livelihood .Although fishing has always been their main priority, selling seashells to tourists is gradually more widespread. A visit to their villages offers glimpse into a unique culture. As you wander amid the huts and boats, remember that you are a guest in someone else's home and be respectful of your hosts right to privacy. Their accessibility could be check, before planning a visit, Please call-(+666)2776977 or (+959)8030848.
Lwal Sant Lon (Zalon Hill) is located about 12 miles northwest of Banmauk
Town,Katha city.It is 3090 ft above sea level.
Lwal Sant Lon is the native shan language name.The shan discovered an enormous black stone elephant like hill in the middle of the deep forest.So,they called the hill “lwal Sant Lon” which means “big elephant hill”.(lwal-Hill,Sant-Elephant,lon-Big).Later,people called it ‘Sant lon’as an abbreviation and finally the name adapted to Zalon(present name).
We start off from Banmauk by car and stop at Khamoe village which is three mile away then we leave for Nyaung Tha Yar village(paemana village).The car trip will be about 6 miles.
We will start our hiking trip from Naung Tha Yar village and it will be 9 miles from the village to the resthouse atop the hill.
But,if we travel from Banmauk to zalon hilltop by car,the distance is 14 miles 6 furlong.There is a stone inscription in the east side the hill.
According to the stone inscription atop zalon hill,in Myanmar calendar year(123),Gautama Buddha with his 500 Arahat followers travelled across the hill.The Irrapahta dragon king and his son offered alms and begged lord Buddha to sojourn on the hill.Lord Buddha accepted alms and then he vowed the left rice to be treasures and splashed them around the hill.He sojourned there for 7 days.The stone inscription reads lord Buddha foretold Ananda Arachat,the coming will Buddha enlighten here on this every hill the coming Buddha will also give special sermons to the people and accept the alms like him.So,this is the enlightened place for the fifth Buddha of this aeon.